Urinary Tract Infections (UTI) is characterised by a burning sensation while urinating. It is caused by microbes that can overcome the body’s defenses in urinary tract.It affects the kidneys, ureters and the bladder. Though it affect both men and women of all ages groups, mostly women have the risk of developing a lifetime risk of this infection.The chances of recurrent experiences are also higher in women. UTIs are caused by
- Escherichia coli (E. coli), usually found in the digestive system.
- Chlamydia and mycoplasma which can infect the urethra and not the bladder.
The factors that increase the chances of a UTI are sexual intercourse, diabetes, poor personal hygiene, having a urinary catheter ,bowel incontinence ,blocked flow of urine ,kidney stones, contraception, pregnancy, menopause, suppressed immune system, use of spermicides and tampons, heavy use of antibiotics, which can disrupt the natural flora of the bowel and urinary tract.
- Pain or a burning sensation when urinating.
- Strong and frequent urge to urinate
- Cloudy, bloody, or strong-smelling urine
- Nausea and vomiting
- Abdominal pains
1.Drink lots of water and urinate frequently.
2.Reduce alcohol and caffeine that can irritate the bladder.
3.Urinate shortly after sex.
4.Wipe from front to back after urinating and bowel movement.
4.Keep the genital area clean.
5. Use sanitary pads or menstrual cups instead of tampons.
6.Avoid use of diaphragm or spermicide for birth control.
7. Wear cotton underwear and loose-fitting clothing to keep the area around the urethra dry.