About Kidney Transplantation
Renal transplant or Kidney transplant, as it is commonly known, refers to the transfer of kidney from a healthy person to a patient whose kidneys have lost the capability of performing the essential process of filtration. There are two types of kidney transplantation: deceased-donor and living-donor. Among these, living-donor transplantation can be further sub categorized as related and non-related kidney transplants.
Who is eligible for Kidney Transplant?
At multispeciality hospital anyone who is identified with kidney or renal failure is eligible for kidney transplant. Stage 4 is the highest level (the near end-stage) of a kidney patient. Diabetic people whose average insulin requirement per day is more than 1 unit/kg of their body weight and obese people with a BMI of greater than 30 with renal complications are also eligible to undergo kidney transplantation.
What are the benefits?
A successful kidney or renal transplant gives the patient a greater stamina, strength and energy and helps restores his or her life back to normal. People who were on dialysis prior to kidney transplantation will be able to enjoy a greater level of freedom and comfort post kidney transplant. Moreover renal transplantation helps stabilize anemia and blood pressure to a great extent.
The kidney transplant procedure entails replacing a patient’s damaged kidney by a donor’s healthy kidney. The healthy kidney in placed on either the left or right side of the patient’s abdomen depending on the requirements. Our doctors then connect the kidneys to the neighboring blood vessels by means of surgical procedures. The right placement of kidney ensures smooth functioning of the urinary bladder and the nearby blood vessels. Also the veins and arteries are connected appropriately via surgical procedures. The old kidney is removed only when it’s overly damaged. If it’s able to perform atleast 20% of its functions, it will be retained.
Here we take the patient through a detailed medical evaluation which involves a thorough physical examination, EKG, and an X-ray of the chest. Blood tests are to be done for Anemia and to determine if there is any existence of viral diseases like AIDS or hepatitis. In addition to these, the patient will also be tested for cardiac problems and cancer diseases.
Pre surgery requirements
Our doctors evaluate the test reports of all the aforementioned tests and assess the patient’s body conditions. Not only that the donor (the person who donates his or her kidney) will be also be required to take up most of the aforementioned tests. We match the test results and see if the donor’s kidney will suit the recipient or not. Other requirements that will be looked into involve the age and blood group of the donor and the recipient.
Once the kidney transplant is accomplished, the patient will be shifted to the ICU where he or she will be under intense care for about 1-2 weeks. Upon recovery, the patient will be discharged from the hospital. We will prescribe drugs and natural diet for the next few weeks or months to ensure that patient’s immunity strengthens post surgery. Also follow-ups visits to our kidney transplant department will be required.
There are various packages to choose from. To get the exact details of the kidney transplant charges or packages we suggest you schedule an appointment with our expert kidney transplant doctors.
Local legal requirements
It’s important that the donor and recipient understand the risks and benefits involved in kidney transplant. Our doctors advice them on the right procedures that are to be followed during the entire kidney transplant process. The donor and recipients are required to sign an agreement an ‘Organ transplant agreement’ which is formulated by the Government of India. All the rules and regulations will be given in detail on the agreement. And our doctors are available to clear all your queries regarding the same.