Stomach cancer is the fourth leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. In India too, stomach cancer claims thousands of lives, with a higher number of cases reported in the southern states. Its symptoms are not recognized until it reaches an advanced stage, leading to late diagnosis.
- Discomfort or pain in the stomach area
- Nausea and vomiting
- Difficulty swallowing
- Weight loss
- Vomiting blood or blood in the stool
- Feeling full or bloated after a small meal
In stomach cancer, the degree of extent of disease is the most important factor that influences choice of treatment. This is where staging assessment becomes critical. Staging of stomach cancer is based on whether the cancer is localized to the stomach or has spread to the lymph nodes or other parts of the body.
Surgery remains the mainstay of treatment for stomach cancer, both globally and in India especially when the cancer is detected in its early stages and limited to the inner lining of the stomach. Treatment of advanced stages of stomach cancer includes chemotherapy and targeted therapy.
The good news is that treatment for stomach cancer has evolved over the last decade. These advancements have helped to improve treatment outcomes and increase patient survival.
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