What Is Albinism?
Albinism is a rare group of genetic disorders that cause the skin, hair, or eyes to have little or no color. Albinism is also associated with vision problems.
OA(ocular albinism) is the result of a gene mutation on the X chromosome and occurs almost exclusively in males. This type of albinism only affects the eyes. People with OA have normal hair, skin, and eye coloring, but have no coloring in the retina (the back of the eye).
What Causes Albinism?
Who Is at Risk for Albinism?
What Are the Symptoms of Albinism?
- an absence of color in the hair, skin, or eyes
- lighter than normal coloring of the hair, skin, or eyes
- patches of skin that have an absence of color
Albinism occurs with vision problems, which may include:
- strabismus (crossed eyes)
- photophobia (sensitivity to light)
- nystagmus (involuntary rapid eye movements)
- impaired vision or blindness
How Is Albinism Diagnosed?
What Are the Treatments for Albinism?
- sunglasses to protect the eyes from UV rays
- protective clothing and sunscreen to protect the skin from UV rays
- prescription eyeglasses to correct vision problems
- surgery on the muscles of the eyes to correct abnormal eye movements