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Leukemia : Types, Symptoms & Treatments

Leukemia is a blood cancer caused by a rise in the number of white blood cells in your body. Those white blood cells crowd out the red blood cells and platelets that your body needs to be healthy. The extra white blood cells don’t work right.

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Types of Leukemia:

  1. Acute leukemia happens when most of the abnormal blood cells don’t mature and can’t carry out normal functions. It can get bad very fast.
  2. Chronic leukemia happens when there are some immature cells, but others are normal and can work the way they should. It gets bad more slowly than acute forms do.


  1. Anemia
  2. A tendency to bruise or bleed easily, including bleeding from the gums or nose, or blood in the stool or urine.
  3. Bronchial pneumonia
  4. Swollen lymph nodes, typically in the neck, armpits, or groin.
  5. Loss of appetite and weight.
  6. Discomfort under the left lower ribs (caused by a swollen spleen).
  7. Very high white blood cell counts may result in visual problems due to retinal hemorrhage, ringing of the ears (tinnitus), mental status changes, prolonged erection (priapism), and stroke.

Treatments options are

  • Some patient will get cure from Chemotherapy
  • Some patients with acute myeloid leukemia(AML) may require an allogeneic stem cell transplant.


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