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Benign Endocervical Polyps: Causes, Symptoms & Treatments

Cervical polyps are growths on the cervical canal, the passage that connects the uterus to the vagina.

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About two out of three women who have cervical polyps don’t have symptoms. Doctors normally find these growths during a Pap test or other procedure. If you do have symptoms, they may include:

  • Periods that are heavier than usual
  • Bleeding after sex
  • Bleeding after menopause
  • Bleeding between periods
  • Vaginal discharge, which may stink due to infection


  • Cervical infections
  • Chronic inflammation
  • An abnormal response to the hormone estrogen
  • Clogged blood vessels near the cervix


If your doctor finds cervical polyps during a routine pelvic exam and Pap smear, she’ll probably take a sample of the tissue (biopsy) and send it to the lab to make sure it’s not cancer..She’ll probably remove them at that time. She’ll use a tool called a polyp forceps to gently twist the growth off your cervix.You might bleed and cramp just a little during or after the procedure. Most cervical polyps are benign, cause no problems, and don’t come back once they’re removed.


An over-the-counter pain medication like Ovral- L or acetaminophen (Tylenol) or ibuprofen (Motrin or Advil) can relieve the pain. These are stops the bleeding also.


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